address mask (Subnet Mask) : This is used to recognize the sections of an IP address that concur with the different parts. Also known as the "subnet mask".
alias : A nickname that refers to a network resource.
anonymous FTP : This is a method of bypassing security checks when you logon to an FTP site. This is done by typing "anonymous" as your user ID and your e-mail address as the password.
application : A program that performs for a certain purpose.
Archie : A method of automatically collecting, indexing, and retrieving files from the Internet.
ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) : A transfer mode that designates bandwidth using a fixed-size packet or cell. Also called a "fast packet".
authentication : A method of identifying the user to make sure the user is who he says he is.
bandwidth : A measurement in Hz that reads the difference between the highest and lowest frequencies of a transmission.
BBS (Bulletin Board System) : A computer which provides file archives, email, and announcements of interest. Users usually dial in with a terminal program to access these.
bounce : This term refers to when you send an e-mail to a non-existent recipient and the e-mail is "bounced" back to you.
BTW : By the way.
Bulletin Board System (BBS) : A computer which provides file archives, email, and announcements of interest. Users usually dial in with a terminal program to access these.
CHAP (Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol) : A method of authentication when connecting to an Internet service provider.
Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) : A method of authentication when connecting to an Internet service provider.
CHAT : Conversational Hypertext Access Technology.
CIX : Commercial Internet Exchange.
client : An application that performs for a certain purpose.
cracker : Persons who attempt to gain illegal access to computers. Not to be confused with hackers.
Cyberspace : According to M.N.A "the world of computers and the society that gathers around them."
Data Encryption Key (DEK) : Used for encryption and decryption of message text.
Data Encryption Standard (DES) : Standardized encryption method used most on the Internet.
datagram : A block of data that can travel from one Internet site to another without relying on an earlier exchange between the source and destination computers.
DDN (Defense Data Network) : The United States Department of Defense global communications network.
DECnet : A proprietary network protocol designed by Digital Equipment Corporation.
dedicated line : A communications line used solely for computer connections, such as T1 and T3 lines. An additional phone line solely for your modem is a dedicated line as well.
Defense Data Network (DDN) : The United States Department of Defense global communications network.
dial-up : Most widely used way of accessing the Internet. This involves one computer connecting to another by way of a modem.
DNS (Domain Name Service) : A name service used with TCP/IP hosts. A DNS exists on numerous servers over the Internet. It is a database for finding host names and IP addresses on the Internet and trying to figure them out.
domain : An area on host or an IP address.
Domain Name Service (DNS) : A name service used with TCP/IP hosts. A DNS exists on numerous servers over the Internet. It is a database for finding host names and IP addresses on the Internet and trying to figure them out.
dot address : IP addresses in the form of 126.96.36.199 in a 4-byte IP address where each number is equal to 1 byte.
electronic mail (e-mail) : Electronic mail, or e-mail, is a way users with a computer can send messages between each other easily and more quickly than regular mail.
e-mail (Electronic Mail) : Electronic mail, or e-mail, is a way users with a computer can send messages between each other easily and more quickly than regular mail.
Userid represents the identification of the person, the @ is what separates the userid from the domain name, and the domain name refers to the host that the person is using.
encryption : This is what Internet security is built upon. Encryption will scramble information so it is readable only by the intended recipient.
Ethernet : An Ethernet connection is a LAN (Local Area Network) that consists of computers connected by twisted-pair or coaxial cable. Transfers can be made on an Ethernet connection at up to 10 Mb/s.
FAQ : Stands for Frequently Asked Questions. FAQ's are available almost anywhere on the Internet. FAQ's are usually used as a place to look for help or advice when working on the Internet or on your computer.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) : FTP's are the most widely used format to uploading and downloading files on an Internet connection. FTP's are used so computers can share files between each other.
Finger : A finger is a UNIX command that displays information about a group or user on the Internet.
flame : This is a negative response to a newsgroup posting or e-mail message. If makes a newsgroup post or sends an e-mail message that is deemed inappropriate, they might get flamed. The most popular method of flaming is a mail bomb. This is where the sender or poster receives an overwhelming amount of messages in his or her mailbox and their system can crash.
follow-up : A response to a newsgroup posting or e-mail message.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) : FTP's are the most widely used format to uploading and downloading files on an Internet connection. FTP's are used so computers can share files between each other.
Gopher : A search and retrieval tool for information used mostly for research.
hacker : A user of a computer who attempts to understand the particulars of a computer. A hacker will look for ways around things while using a computer.
host : Any computer that is connected to the Internet or a network.
host address : The address of the host computer which is on the Internet.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) : HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. This is the standard method of publishing web documents onto the World Wide Web (WWW). HTML consists of tags surrounded by brackets.
hypermedia : A combination of hypertext and multimedia in a document online.
hypertext : A kind of text that permits embedded links to other documents.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) : HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. This is the standard method of publishing web documents onto the World Wide Web (WWW). HTML consists of tags surrounded by brackets.
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) : Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) combines digital network services and voice into one. Users can access digital services at 115,200 bps.
Internet : A vast, uncontrolled network of computers that is available almost anywhere in the world. Basically, when you sign on to the Internet, you become a part of it.
Internet protocol (IP) : A packet switching prot+B220ocol that is used as a network layer in the TCP/IP protocol suite.
Internet Protocol Address (IP Address) : Each computer is assigned an IP address. These are similar to phone numbers. When you attempt to connect to an IP address, you will connect to the computer with that IP address.
Internet Relay Chat (IRC): Internet Relay Chat, or IRC, allows users to chat on different channels over the Internet. IRC channels are preceded by a # sign and are controlled by channel operators. Channel operators can kick people out of the channel if he or she feels necessary.
Internet Service Provider (ISP): An organization or company that has a network with a direct link to the Internet. This is done by using a dedicated line connection, usually through a link known as a T1 connection. Users can dial into to that network using their modem. Most ISP's now charge a monthly fee.
IP (Internet Protocol): A packet switching protocol that is used as a network layer in the TCP/IP protocol suite.
IP Address (Internet Protocol Address): Each computer is assigned an IP address. These are similar to phone numbers. When you attempt to connect to an IP address, you will connect to the computer with that IP address.
IRC (Internet Relay Chat): Internet Relay Chat, or IRC, allows users to chat on different channels over the Internet. IRC channels are preceded by a # sign and are controlled by channel operators. Channel operators can kick people out of the channel if he or she feels necessary.
ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network): Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) combines digital network services and voice into one. Users can access digital services at 115,200 bps.
ISP (Internet Service Provider): An organization or company that has a network with a direct link to the Internet. This is done by using a dedicated line connection, usually through a link known as a T1 connection. Users can dial into to that network using their modem. Most ISP's now charge a monthly fee.
LAN : Local Area Network. A LAN allows users to share files between computers, send e-mail and access the Internet. Most companies use Local Area Networks so that users can access information within or outside the LAN.
leased line : A leased line is a dedicated line that connects a user or network to another network or an ISP.
Listserv : An automated mailing list distribution system.
lurking : Lurking involves simply listening or watching and not participating on an IRC channel, a mailing list, or some other type of Internet connection.
Instrucions for cleaning hardwood floors and removing stains.
Any grating substance such as sand, dirt, or grit, will dull the surface of hardwood floors. By observing a few rules today, your need for restoration will be far less likely and the floor will look luxurious for many years. Sweep, vacuum, or dust mop, at least every week, and place mats or rugs at the entranceway to trap as much dirt and dust as possible.
* Vacuuming: Avoid beater bars this can cause indentations in the surface of the floor. Use a brush attachment. * Dust mopping Use a non-abrasive dust mop with a soft cotton head. Some floor manufacturers suggest using a floor treatment as well. * Sweeping The broom used to sweep a hardwood floor will need to have fine bristles, with feathered ends, that will be very gentle on the floor's surface. * Furniture Dragging furniture across the floor will damage it significantly. Lift the furniture at all times when repositioning it in your room. Using felt "shoes" under the legs would help to avoid scratches when furniture is accidentally scooted across floor. * Sunlight Over a period, too much sun can discolor wood finishes. Darken the room by closing curtains and blinds during the time of day when the sun is most intense. * Shoes Some (sports related) shoes have hard heel supports and metal nails attached to the sole?"stop" and do not enter, they will most surely damage the finish of your wood floor. Stains will need your immediate attention on wood floors. Keep them waxed as needed and wipe up any drops of fluid that may be spilled on the floor as soon as possible.
Fruit Juices Coffee As a basic first step, it is good to remember to remove a stain start at the outer circumference and work to the inside. This will not allow the stain to continue to spread outward. Warm a soft cotton cloth with hot water, and use a mild abrasive as in a scouring powder. Massage the spot easily do not apply pressure. Mold or Mildew Your wood floors need good ventilation; air that is not moving and is stagnating will encourage the growth of mold in your home and on your wood floors. If this has occurred, use a solution of 1-cup water and 1/4 cup common household bleach. Use a soft cotton cloth and wipe the mold away gently. It is suggested you wear a mask when dealing with mold. Water Rings that have turned white Use steel wool (No. 1) and rub the stain, the area will need to have wax re-applied to the stained area. If unsuccessful with the steel wool, use very fine sandpaper and lightly sand the area. The stain, and area encircling, can be cleaned with (no.1) steel wool and a good floor cleaner or mineral spirits. After the floor is dry, a comparable finish for wood floors can be applied. Spread the area very thin, "feathering" the newly applied finish around the circumference allowing it to dry. When completely dry re-wax the floor. Chewing gum or wax product Fill a secure Ziploc plastic bag with ice cubes and place it over the wax or gum. This should cause the wax or gum to harden, and become breakable. Use a plastic scraper, spatula, or plastic paint scraper, and gently remove the material. The floor will need to be re-polished. Oily or greasy substance First remove the stain as well as possible with old newspaper or paper towels. Immerse a cloth in dry cleaning fluid and saturate the stain. Another idea is, to use a soap that contains lye (perhaps homemade lye soap) and rub it on the stain. Alternatively if that fails, drench a cloth with hydrogen peroxide and lay it over thee greasy area. A second layer saturated with ammonia is then placed over that the first layer. This should be duplicated until the stain is removed. Blood This requires ammonia to remove the stain. Use cold water and ammonia in equal parts, to remove the stain. Re-wax and buff. Alcoholic drinks This may be easily removed by a simple solution of detergent and warm water. If this is not successful, use a soft cotton cloth moistened with any of the following: ammonia, linseed oil, liquid or paste wax, denatured alcohol or silver polish. You will need to re-wax and polish. Dark stains Collect a no.1 steel wool pad, and a floor cleaner, or perhaps mineral spirits. Clean the spots or stains and the surrounding region. Dampen a cloth with normal household vinegar and carefully wash the area. It may take a short while but the stain will most likely vanish. If by chance the spots are still noticeable use fine sandpaper and sand, feathering around edges about 4 inches. Re-wax and polish the floor. Extremely dark stains or spots If you have tried several applications of vinegar on these stains and have had no success then you may apply a solution of Oxalic acid, use this strictly according to the label instructions. This is a bleaching medium and can be purchased in hardware and paint stores. You will definitely have to re-stain and refinish the floor once oxalic acid is used, to rematch the first color. Follow the directions and allow the mixture to set on the spots and stains for a time and then sponge off. More than one attempt may have to be attempted before stains will fade or come off completely. Cigarette Burns If the burn is not deep and penetrating, there is a good chance it can be removed by using steel wool moistened with soap and water.
It is always important to start processing at the edge of any spot or stained area, and move into the center to avoid spreading the solution outward. It is most probable that re-waxing and buffing will need to be done after each stain removal.
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