Ice figure skates and spinning. Each spin has several factors: foot, direction the skate is travelling in, rotation, and position.
Figure skating is the third most popular television spectator sport after football and baseball, yet many fans do not know the meaning of basic terminology. In ice figure skating there are two basic spins: the forward spin and the back spin. Let's look at the the forward spin.
Each spin has several attributes that define which spin it is. These attributes are: foot, direction the skate is travelling in, direction of rotation, and position. Several of these attributes are interconnected.
The most basic of these attributes is direction of rotation. This is either counter-clochwise (CCW) or clockwise (CW). Most skaters spin counter-clockwise. One notable exception is Todd Eldrege, who normally spins clockwise. Additionally, Michelle Kwan is famous for having learned to spin in both directions. This is a very difficult skill which very few skaters take the time to learn.
The direction of spin determines which foot the forward spin is performed on. The CCW spinner performs the forward spin on the left foot; the CW spinner performs the forward spin on the right foot. Let's use the CCW direction for simplicity.
For a forward spin, the skater stands on the left foot and rotates CCW. The skate is going FORWARD. That is why this is called a forward spin. Technically, there is no edge to this spin. The skater is directly over his or her skate, there is no lean to either side.
The forward spin can be performed in many different variation of position. The forward spin can be performed as a sideways leaning position (a variation allowed in the ladies' short program), a sit spin position or a camel position. The most common variation is the layback spin, which is one of the required elements in the ladies' short program. For the layback spin, the skater enters the spin, centers it and then thrusts her hips forward while lifting her leg slightly behind her and to the side. She tilts her shoulders back. Arm positions vary, but the most classic position is to have the arms lifted in a graceful arc over the chest.
For excellent examples of the forward layback, look at film of Peggy Fleming, Angela Nikodinov or Sarah Hughes. Each of them has a beautiful classic position and a lovely strong spin. For another amazing example, look at the layback performed by master-spinner Lucinda Ruh. Her layback is known for it's extremely extended back position, exquisite centering and lovely leg turn-out. Her spins are also known for their excellent quality.
The quality of a spin is often difficult for a beginning fan to judge, but the requirements for good spinning are fairly simple. As with the back spin, or with any non-edge spin, in a good forward spin the skate should pivot around a small spot on the ice. Poor quality spins often travel, that is, they spiral around on the ice instead of staying centered in one place. The position should be attractive, with turned out and pointed toes, extended limbs and graceful lines. The spin should be fast, not wobble and should have good speed entering and exiting.
Spinning is often taken for granted by the judges, but good spinning is a much better indicator of a strong skater than good jumping. Next time you watch skating, think about who is the better spinner.
Anti-Aging Supplements Help You Look and Feel Younger Inside and Out
Many vitamin supplements claim to have anti-aging properties. The term "anti-aging" is general and so there are many types of anti-aging supplements. Remember that aging is a complex process, and the best way to promote good health and healthy aging is to be sure that you are getting adequate amounts of a variety of nutrients.
Steer clear of anything that sounds too good to be true - don't buy something that says it will cure disease or eliminate every wrinkle with one dose.
Instead, if you are seeking anti-aging supplements, focus on those that contain vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids that are known to have health benefits.
For example, vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that is important for overall health, but it is also an antioxidant. It has been used to prevent and treat medical conditions including those associated with aging, such as heart attacks and cancer.
Other components of anti-aging supplements are alpha lipoic acid, coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), DHEA, human growth hormone secretagogue (HGH), glutamine, melatonin, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), and various other antioxidants.
Some of these ingredients are less familiar than others, but all have shown some potential to in helping to reduce the effects of aging.
To highlight a few: - Human growth hormone secretagogue (HGH) is produced naturally in the body by the pituitary gland. HGH secretion steadily declines with age, and supplements of HGH can improve immune function and increase energy and muscle strength. - Glutamine promotes muscle growth and overall health in a number of ways. It is also important for brain and immune health. - Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is relatively new on the anti-aging scene, but it may protect against heart problems. Research has shown CoQ10 supports a healthy cardiovascular system and immune system functions. It is also vital to energy production and cellular renewal. CoQ10 levels in the body decline with age, and skin may begin to show the signs of aging, such as fine lines, wrinkles and loss of elasticity. Supplementing with CoQ10 may help defend your body against this aging process. - N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is a precursor to the production of glutathione, which is the body's primary cellular antioxidant. Glutathione helps ward off infection and aids in the production of many digestive enzymes.
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